From 20-23 March, 2013, the ICTM Study Group on Folk Musical Instruments had its 19th symposium in Bamberg, Germany. Invited by Marianne Bröcker who organised the symposium venue in the Concert Hall of "Schwenk & Seggelke Werkstätte für innovativen Klarinettenbau" in Bamberg and who could mobilise local support from various companies, colleagues and students. 42 Study Group members met in the heart of this wonderful World Heritage city and had an inspiring time in a great atmosphere with unique evening events.
The Symposium was dedicated to two main topics. The first topic dealt with
‘Wind Instruments in Regional Cultures’, whereby special emphasis was given to reed instruments due to the outstanding venue of the symposium. This topic comprises the history of regional standards as for example in the papers of Christopher Meinel: "Aspects of Koncertina Playing in Upper Franconia", Rinko Fujita "Chin-don-ya: Adaptation of Reed Aerophones in Japan", Gisa Jähnichen "Sound Aesthetics in Lue Pi Performances", Lolita Surmanidze: "Chiboni: A Traditional Wind Instrument as a Symbol of The Region", Rewadee Ungpho: "Pi Gayok: the Musical Instrument of Urak Lawoi Martial Arts", Arle Lommel: "Standardization and Diversification of Bagpipes in the Carpathian Region", Katrin Lengwinat: "Construction, Social Practice and Music Production of two Reed Instruments among the Wayuu Indians from Western Venezuela", or Jürgen Elsner "A Wind-Instrument of Its Own: The Mizmar of Yemen, Construction and Production, Musical Proficiency and Social Function". Papers focusing mainly on regional ensembles and their social functions were contributed by Ali Fuat Aydin: The Kaba Zurna Tradition in the Aegean Region of Turkey, Rūta Žarskienė: "The Role of Brass Bands in Funeral Rituals of Samogitia", Timkehet Teffera: "Brass Instruments in Ethiopian Popular Music", as well as one panel represented by Danka Lajić-Mihajlović (with Mirjana Zakić, Miroslava Lukić-Krstanović): "The Festival Of Folklore Trumpetry In Guča (Serbia): Music as Aesthetics and Communication", and the panel led by Rudolf Pietsch with participation of Daniela Mayrlechner, Manfred Riedl, and Marie-Theres Stickler about "The Edler-Trio".
Cross-disciplinary papers on wind instruments were delivered by Chinthaka P. Meddegoda: "Adaptation of the Harmonium in Malaysia: Indian or British Heritage?", Irina Popova: "About Teaching Methods of Playing the Harmonica in the Folk Traditions of the Russian North", Rastko Jakovljević: "Master’s Work: Constructing Music Instrument as a Material, Cultural and Social Object", Juan Javier Rivera Andia: "An Amazonian Flute in the Andes? Morphology and Distribution of an Exceptional Aerophone in Peru", and Otgonbayar Chuluunbaatar: "The Cuur as Endangered Musical Instrument of the Uriankhai Ethnic Group in the Mongolian Altai Mountains". Further, Ulrich Morgenstern introduced his recent fieldwork on Russian double clarinets and Şebnem Sençerman spoke about the "Organological and Metaphorical Adaptation of Zurna to the Changes in the Market".
Another group of papers served the second big topic of the symposium
‘Social Significance of Instrumental Music Practice’. This topic explored musicians and teachers of instrumental music and their social status within their communities, general status issues and politics on the instrumental music market and other status dichotomies. Contributions came from
Nana Zeh: "Musicians and Musical Leaders, their Social Status within their Communities and the Changes Due to the Entrance of Scholars", Susana Moreno: "From Marginalized Musical Instrument to Regional Identity Symbol: the New Status of the Rabel in Cantabria (Spain)", Vida Palubinskienė: "The Lithuanian Traditional Kanklės and Kanklės players on Festivals", Marko Aho: "The introduction of Art Music Elements to Folk Music Performance and High Social Status: the Case of Kantele-Master Eino Tulikari", Gaila Kirdienė: "Significance of Instrumental Music Making of Lithuanians in Forced Exile", Jasmina Talam: "Players of traditional folk instruments in Bosnia and Herzegovina", Margita Matúšková: "Status Dichotomies Regarding Instrumental Music Practice in Children’s Folklore Ensembles", Nino Makharadze: "Children’s Musical Instruments in Georgia", and Manfred Bartmann: "Open G Tuning + Banjo + Cassette Recorder = Rolling Stones Traditional Tunings of Banjos, Bouzoukis, and 5-String Guitars in Rock Music, Folk Music and Beyond". The latter also presented an interesting multi- themed poster for general discussion. Finally Madeleine Modin gave an overview on her research of Ernst Emsheimer’s Extensive Network.
On Saturday afternoon, 23 March, 2013, the Study Group members discussed some important points such as the way of paper submissions to the next volume of STUDIA INSTRUMENTORUM MUSICAE POPULARIS. Also, the existing procedure in case of Study Group Chair and Co-Chair election was confirmed by present Study Group members.
Further, topics for the next symposium were discussed after collecting proposals during the three days of the symposium. So far, the following topics were suggested:
Dance instruments - Song instruments
Instrumental ensembles and cultural discontinuities
Emotional implications of instrumental sound
The Study Group members were invited to discuss a change or modification of the name of the Study Group.
Regarding the next symposium, it was agreed upon to conduct the 20th symposium of the Study Group in the world heritage city Luang Prabang, Laos, from 10-13 June, 2015. The program committee consists of Rinko Fujita, Manfred Bartmann and Rewadee Ungpho. Local organizers are Thongbang Homsombat & Gisa Jähnichen. The co-ordination is institutionally bound to the Archives of Traditional Music in Laos at the National Library of Laos. Travel grants cannot be provided. Long term planning of attendance may keep the costs for tickets low. The registration fee will not exceed 120 USD per person (students get discount). Venue and accommodation are in one place. Other, very low priced accommodation can be found in walking distance. A call for papers will go to all members and friends latest by January 2014.
Finally should not be forgotten that the ICTM Secretary General Svanibor Pettan attended the symposium and surprised Marianne Bröcker with a certificate as Honorary Member of the ICTM. All present Study Group members and friends appreciated this gesture of recognition heartily and joined his congratulation to one of the most outstanding ICTM members with a big heart for her colleagues’ and students’ work, uncounted academic contributions and a never dwindling thirst for knowledge.
Gisa Jähnichen, Study Group Chair
19th Meeting: Papers